Despite decades of activism around environmental damage, motivating change remains challenging due to exclusion, exhaustion, frustration and fear. The role of art, it can be argued, is fundamental in creating an empathetic focus towards the environment. Social activist Naomi Klein states in her 2014 book, This Changes Everything that global warming is about capitalism, and that our economic model is at war with earth. However, she indicates that between 2007 and 2011, the number of Americans who believed that burning fossil fuels contributes to climate changed dropped from 71% to 44%, aligning with similar trends in the UK and Australia. Conversely, the World Economic Forum in its Global Risks Report for 2018 positions environmental problems as four of the top five risks that will have the biggest impact globally in the next ten years.  These are just some statistics suggesting that there is growing confusion around the causes as well as solutions to climate change. It is my opinion that art can help to make issues accessible, as well as performing the roles of informing and archiving.
Klein, (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2014), 35 The four risks include ‘extreme weather events, natural disasters, failure of climate change mitigation & adaptation and water crisis’, The Global Risks Survey Results, 2018 http://reports.weforum.org/global-risks-2018/global-risks-landscape-2018/?doing_wp_cron=1538449397.5013980865478515625000#landscape